Best answer: What diseases did convicts bring to Australia?

The most immediate consequence of colonisation was a wave of epidemic diseases including smallpox, measles and influenza, which spread ahead of the frontier and annihilated many Indigenous communities.

What diseases did the settlers bring to Australia?

Effect on Aboriginal people

The spread of smallpox was followed by influenza, measles, tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases, all of which Australia’s Aboriginal people had no resistance to, and all of which brought widespread death.

What diseases did the convicts get?

Many convicts fell ill during the voyage with diseases such as typhus or scurvy. Convicts who arrived in Sydney in need of medical care were sent to the hospital for treatment. Scurvy was a common illness suffered by convicts during the voyage.

What was the most common disease on the First Fleet?

The major epidemic diseases during the early contact stage were smallpox, syphilis, tuberculosis, influenza, and measles.

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How did convicts affect Australia?

Convicts were a source of labour to build roads, bridges, courthouses, hospitals and other public buildings, or to work on government farms, while educated convicts may have been given jobs such as record-keeping for the government administration. Female convicts, on the other hand, were generally employed as domestic …

When was it made illegal to kill an aboriginal?

The legal precedence was set by the trials on the Myall Creek massacre in 1838, where 11 colonists involved in the killings of 30 unarmed aboriginal persons were found guilty of murder and hanged.

Is Australia still a British colony?

Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. … Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.

Who was the most famous convict?

Top 5 Famous Australian Convicts

  1. Francis Greenway. Francis Greenway arrived in Sydney in 1814. …
  2. Mary Wade. The youngest ever convict to be transported to Australia at the age of 11. …
  3. John ‘Red’ Kelly. John Kelly was sent to Tasmania for seven years for stealing two pigs, apparently. …
  4. Mary Bryant. …
  5. Frank the Poet.

What did convicts eat on the ships?

Convicts ate bread,hardtack,salted beef or pork,peas,oatmeal,butter,cheese. They also ate rise,fruit,vegetables.

How did convicts die?

Many of the convicts who were sent to New South Wales in the early years were already disease ridden and many died from typhoid and cholera in the dreadful conditions on the ships. Those that survived were severely weakened by scurvy, dysentery and fever.

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How many convicts died on the First Fleet?

The ships departed with an estimated 775 convicts (582 men and 193 women), as well as officers, marines, their wives and children, and provisions and agricultural implements. After 43 convicts had died during the eight-month trip, 732 landed at Sydney Cove.

What were conditions like on the First Fleet?

On board ship conditions were harsh. The convicts spent much of their time below decks, with a bucket for water and a bucket for waste, which was carried away on deck to dispose of. Despite this, the cramped conditions meant disease could spread very quickly and dysentery and cholera were common.

What diseases were brought to Australia by the British?

The most immediate consequence of colonisation was a wave of epidemic diseases including smallpox, measles and influenza, which spread ahead of the frontier and annihilated many Indigenous communities.

What was the punishment for the convicts sent to Australia?

Throughout the convict era, ‘flogging’ (whipping) convicts with a cat-o’-nine-tails was a common punishment for convicts who broke the rules. In Australia today, flogging a prisoner with a whip or keeping them locked in a dark cell for a long period of time is not an acceptable form of punishment.

Who settled Australia first?

On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.

What did convicts do when they were set free?

What games did the convicts play? Convicts played cards or games like chess or draughts that required different sorts of tokens, many of which were handmade. These might have been carved from animal bones (perhaps saved from dinner) or pieces of ceramic and wood they found, or cast in lead.

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