Conscription ended in December 1972 and the remaining seven men in Australian prisons for refusing conscription were freed in mid-to-late December 1972. 63,735 national servicemen served in the Army, of whom 15,381 were deployed to Vietnam. Approximately 200 were killed.
Did Australia have conscription Vietnam?
In 1964, the National Service Act introduced a scheme of selective conscription in Australia, designed to create an army of 40,000 full-time soldiers. Many of them were sent on active service to the war in Vietnam. 521 Australians died during the Vietnam War and around 3000 were wounded.
Who was exempt from conscription in the Vietnam War?
A temporary deferment of national service was granted to university students, apprentices, married men, and those who could prove that national service would cause them financial hardship. From 1965 to 1972, over 15,300 national servicemen served in the Vietnam War, with 200 killed and 1,279 wounded.
When did Australian soldiers go to Vietnam?
On 29 April 1965 Prime Minister Robert Menzies announced in parliament that Australia would send a battalion of combat troops to Vietnam.
Was the Vietnam War draft mandatory?
On December 1, 1969, the Selective Service System of the United States conducted two lotteries to determine the order of call to military service in the Vietnam War for men born from January 1, 1944 to December 31, 1950. … It was the first time a lottery system had been used to select men for military service since 1942.
Who stopped conscription in Australia?
The Regular Army numbered 41 290 of which 11 947 were conscripts. (2) (Conscripts were not allocated to the Navy or Air Force). Honouring a central election pledge, the Whitlam Government abolished conscription by immediate administrative action followed up in 1973 by the National Service Termination Act.
Why was conscription a bad thing?
Conscription not only drills men’s bodies, but their minds. It makes them obedient to authority, whether right or wrong; takes away their power to think originally; makes them expert with guns, and there- fore, eager to use them; and gives them a hatred of independent thought and contempt for human life.
How long was a conscripts tour of duty in Vietnam?
That meant expanding the draft. Conscription legislation limited a draftee’s tour of duty to two years.
How many Australians died in Vietnam?
From the time of the arrival of the first members of the Team in 1962 almost 60,000 Australians, including ground troops and air force and navy personnel, served in Vietnam; 521 died as a result of the war and over 3,000 were wounded.
Why did they stop national service?
National Service was no longer needed. Birth rates had increased, but more than that war was changing – becoming increasingly technological. The forces needed professional soldiers with advanced skills – not conscripts who were often counting down the days until they went home.
Did the SAS serve in Vietnam?
SAS personnel were highly trained and their role in Vietnam varied from conducting reconnaissance patrols and observing enemy movement to offensive operations deep in enemy territory. The SAS had the highest “kill” ratio of any Australian unit in Vietnam.
Who was the first Australian soldier killed in Vietnam?
Warrant Officer Class Two Kevin Conway of the AATTV, was killed on 6 July 1964, side by side with Master Sergeant Gabriel Alamo of the USSF, during a sustained Viet Cong attack on Nam Dong Special Forces Camp, becoming Australia’s first battle casualty.
Why did Australia get involved in Vietnam War?
The Australian government committed troops to the Vietnam War in 1965. Australia’s involvement in Vietnam was driven by a fear of communist expansion in Asia and the government’s desire to align itself with the United States.
How many draftees died in Vietnam?
Draftees accounted for 30.4% (17,725) of combat deaths in Vietnam .
What were the chances of being drafted in Vietnam?
Considering the “draft age” and the demographics of the 18 – 24 year old age cohort, your odds on actually getting drafted during the Vietnam era were probably lower than 5% (on a cohort wide basis). During WWII (which was probably the “height of drafting”) your odds on getting drafted might have been as high as 10%.
What was the oldest age drafted in WWII?
The Draft and WWII
On September 16, 1940, the United States instituted the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, which required all men between the ages of 21 and 45 to register for the draft. This was the first peacetime draft in United States’ history.