In 1830 a smallpox epidemic spread among Aboriginal groups in the interior. When the British arrived in 1788, Indigenous Australians had no resistance to diseases such as smallpox, measles, influenza and tuberculosis. These diseases were passed from contact with people using the trade routes between towns and ports.
How was Australia governed in the 1800s?
By the late 1800s, the Australian continent had been divided into six colonies. Each colony had its own government and distinctive pattern of settlement. A Governor, appointed by the British Parliament, along with an appointed Legislative Council, governed each colony.
What was Australia called in the 1800s?
In 1804, the British navigator Matthew Flinders proposed the names Terra Australis or Australia for the whole continent, reserving “New Holland” for the western part of the continent.
What happened in Australia 1882?
17 February – The first cricket Test match at the Sydney Cricket Ground begins. 29 August – The Australian cricket team beats England for the first time in a test match at The Oval in London.
What happened in the 1840s in Australia?
During the 1840s, transportation of convicts to the east coast of Australia ended. This signified a change in status from a penal colony to a free society. … South Australia also became a Crown colony during the 1840s, thus losing its semi-independent status.
What was Australia called before it was called Australia?
Australia, once known as New South Wales, was originally planned as a penal colony. In October 1786, the British government appointed Arthur Phillip captain of the HMS Sirius, and commissioned him to establish an agricultural work camp there for British convicts.
Who first came to Australia?
The first known landing in Australia by Europeans was in 1606 by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon. Later that year, Spanish explorer Luís Vaz de Torres sailed through, and navigated, what is now called Torres Strait and associated islands.
What disease killed the Aboriginal population?
Smallpox spread across the country with the advance of European settlement, bringing with it shocking death rates. The disease affected entire generations of the Indigenous population and survivors were in many cases left without family or community leaders.
Which Goldfield was the richest in Australia?
Clunes and Chewton
Chewton had the richest goldfield in Australia for some years. Thousands of diggers lived and worked in the valley. Today, it is farming land. There are two signs of goldfield wealth in this postcard of Ballarat.
Are there any full blooded aboriginal peoples left?
So, today, out of a population of hundreds of thousands at the time of white settlement, there are only 47,000 full-blooded Aborigines left in Australia.
What made Australia prosperous?
Australia’s successful economy: driven by education, services and skilled workers rather than resources. Mining and farming are part of Australia’s remarkable prosperity but the mother lode has long been a skilled, educated workforce and flourishing services sector, writes John Edwards.
Who migrated to Australia in the 1800s?
Between 1793 and 1850 nearly 200,000 free settlers and assisted immigrants chose to migrate to Australia to start a new life. The majority were English agricultural workers or domestic servants who outnumbered the Irish and Scottish migrants.
What was life like in Australia in the 1890s?
The 1890s were dominated by class conflict. The end of the long economic boom that had sustained Australia’s rise and prosperity for many settlers since the gold strikes of the early 1850s resulted in a market collapse that tore at the social fabric and fractured the unity of colonial society.
Who came to Australia in the 1860s?
In the 1860s, South Pacific Islanders were indentured as labourers for the Queensland agricultural industry. They came mainly from New Guinea and New Britain.
How did the Chinese live and work in Australia prior to 1900?
On arrival in Australia, the Chinese labourers were assigned numerous jobs that helped to open up the growing settlement. Jobs included clearing the bush, digging wells and irrigation ditches, and working as shepherds on the new properties. Many new immigrants also started market gardens.
What happened in the 1880s in Australia?
By the 1880s, many Australians believed that Aboriginal people were dying out. … The discovery of gold sent a shock wave through Colonial Australia. In 1851, Edward Hargraves convinced the people of Sydney that there was payable gold just outside of Bathurst in New South Wales.