The Australian industry consists of: five long-term bauxite mines at Weipa, Gove, Huntly, Boddington and Willowdale (Figure 3.1) seven alumina refineries at Gove in the Northern Territory, Yarwun and QAL in Queensland, Kwinana, Pinjarra, Wagerup and Worsley in Western Australia.
Where does Australia export bauxite to?
One quarter of the total bauxite ore mined in Australia is exported. Almost all of this goes to China. The other three-quarters is refined domestically into alumina using the Bayer process.
Where is bauxite mined?
Bauxite is typically found in topsoil located in various tropical and subtropical regions. The ore is acquired through environmentally responsible strip-mining operations. Bauxite reserves are most plentiful in Africa, Oceania and South America. Reserves are projected to last for centuries.
Where is the largest producer of bauxite in the world?
Australia is the world’s biggest bauxite producer, it produced 76.28 million tonnes (Mt) of bauxite in 2012 accounting for about 31% of the world’s output.
How much bauxite is mined in Australia each year?
Australia is the world’s largest producer of bauxite. In 2018, Australian bauxite production was 96 million tonnes (Mt).
What does bauxite look like?
Bauxite ore is the main source of aluminum and contains the aluminum minerals gibbsite, boehmite, and diaspore. … Bauxite is reddish-brown, white, tan, and tan-yellow. It is dull to earthy in luster and can look like clay or soil.
Where is lead mined in Australia?
Today, Australia is the world’s leading producer and exporter of lead, with large mines at Broken Hill, Mt Isa and Hilton in Queensland and McArthur River in the Northern Territory.
Which country is rich in bauxite?
In 2019, Australia produced the largest amount of bauxite worldwide. In that year, the country produced 100 million metric tons of bauxite. Following Australia was Guinea, which produced 82 million metric tons of the rock.
Is bauxite toxic?
The extraction of alumina from bauxite produces a highly toxic residue, termed bauxite refinery residue (BRR) or red mud. The toxicity of this material is due to chemical and biological effects of high pH, alkalinity, electrical conductivity (EC), and Na(+) and Al(3+) concentrations.
How do you identify bauxite?
Bauxite is typically a soft material with a hardness of only 1 to 3 on the Mohs scale. It is white to gray to reddish brown with a pisolitic structure, earthy luster and a low specific gravity of between 2.0 and 2.5.
What country in Africa produces the most bauxite?
Guinea is by far the largest producer of bauxite in Africa, having produced 63 million metric tons in that year. Bauxite ore is the main source of aluminum worldwide.
Who is the biggest aluminum producer?
Leading aluminum producers worldwide by production output 2019. In terms of production output, Chalco was the largest aluminum company in 2019. Hongqiao, Rusal, and Xinfa are also ranked among the largest aluminum producers globally.
What is India’s rank in overall global bauxite resources?
List of producing countries
Is Gold common in Australia?
In a few places gold is sufficiently concentrated in the rocks for it to be worth mining. Australia (especially Western Australia) is the one of the world’s top producers of gold.
Does Australia have bauxite?
Australia is the world’s largest producer of bauxite, representing 28% of global production in 2012.
Where is uranium found in Australia?
The giant Olympic Dam mine in South Australia is the world’s largest uranium deposit. Uranium is also found at Beverley and Honeymoon in South Australia, in the Ranger and Jabiluka deposits of the Northern Territory, and at Yeelirrie in Western Australia.