Australia in the late 19th century consisted of six self-governing British colonies that were subject to the British Parliament. Each colony had its own — often quite distinct — laws, railway gauge, postage stamps and tariffs. … The colonies of New Zealand and Fiji were also part of Federation discussions.
How was Australia governed in the 1800s?
By the late 1800s, the Australian continent had been divided into six colonies. Each colony had its own government and distinctive pattern of settlement. A Governor, appointed by the British Parliament, along with an appointed Legislative Council, governed each colony.
When and how did Australia become a federation?
After many years of debate and drafting, it was passed by the British Parliament, and given royal assent (approval by the Queen), in July 1900. The passing of the Constitution enabled Australia’s 6 British colonies to become one nation, the Commonwealth of Australia, on 1 January 1901.
Who ruled Australia before 1901?
British settlement of Australia began as a penal colony governed by a captain of the Royal Navy. Until the 1850s, when local forces began to be recruited, British regular troops garrisoned the colonies with little local assistance.
What would Australia be like without federation?
Australia without its state parliaments or the Commonwealth parliament in Canberra wouldn’t be a federation. It would be just a bunch of separate British colonies, apparently with no governance at all.
Who first came to Australia?
The first known landing in Australia by Europeans was in 1606 by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon. Later that year, Spanish explorer Luís Vaz de Torres sailed through, and navigated, what is now called Torres Strait and associated islands.
What was Australia called in the 1800s?
In 1804, the British navigator Matthew Flinders proposed the names Terra Australis or Australia for the whole continent, reserving “New Holland” for the western part of the continent.
What was Australia called in 1901?
Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as federation.
What did federation mean for Australia?
The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia.
Why did Australia became a country?
In 1770, Australia’s eastern half was claimed by Great Britain and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia’s national day. … On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia.
Why did Britain let go of Australia?
Britain could no longer afford an Empire and they had no right to rule people who did not want to be ruled by Britain. They also decided that the Royal Navy was no longer strong enough to protect an empire as large as Britain’s any more. … Before leaving the British Empire, Australia was split into various colonies.
Is Australia a British colony still?
Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. … Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.
Why did the British invade Australia?
The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.
What impact did federation have on Australia?
Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901, when the British Parliament passed legislation enabling the six Australian colonies to collectively govern in their own right as the Commonwealth of Australia. It was a remarkable political accomplishment that had taken many years and several referenda to achieve.
Why were there so many colonies in Australia?
Well you can be pretty sure it was for one of two main reasons – either as a gaol for convicts, or because of the land, to graze sheep or cattle. Three of the states were started as gaols – New South Wales, where the First Fleet arrived; Queensland, which began when Moreton Bay was settled – now called Brisbane.
Where did Australia get its name?
The name Australia (pronounced /əˈstreɪliə/ in Australian English) is derived from the Latin australis, meaning “southern”, and specifically from the hypothetical Terra Australis postulated in pre-modern geography.