What were Australian government policies of protection and when were they implemented in Australia?

What were Australian government policies of protection?

In the name of ‘protection’, Indigenous Australians were made wards of the state and subjected to policies that gave government the power to determine where Indigenous people could live, who they could marry, and where they could work.

What was the policy of protection?

Protectionism, policy of protecting domestic industries against foreign competition by means of tariffs, subsidies, import quotas, or other restrictions or handicaps placed on the imports of foreign competitors.

What were the policies of the Aboriginal Protection Board?

The Board had the power to: move Aboriginal people out of towns; set up managers, local committees and local guardians (police) for the reserves; control reserves; prevent liquor being sold to Aboriginals; and to stop whites from associating with Aboriginals or entering the reserves.

What was the segregation policy in Australia?

Segregation and merging. By about 1890 the Aborigines’ Protection Board had developed a policy to remove children of mixed descent from their families to be `merged’ into the non-Indigenous population.

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When did Stolen Generation End?

1969. By 1969, all states had repealed the legislation allowing for the removal of Aboriginal children under the policy of ‘protection’.

When was segregation introduced and terminated in Australia?

In Western Australia, the segregation reinforced by the 1936 Native Administration Act and the racist attitudes of non-Aboriginal people “established an apartheid regime where Aboriginal people in Western Australia were discriminated against in all sorts of ways”.

What was the policy of the Stolen Generation?

Between 1910 and the 1970s*, many First Nations children were forcibly removed from their families as a result of various government policies. The generations of children removed under these policies became known as the Stolen Generations.

What did the Protection Act do?

The Act outlined the duties of the Protection Board, gave it the right to control Aboriginal reserves and to appoint staff. It also provided the foundation for the Board’s policies of removing youths from Aboriginal stations and setting them to work.

What is the Aboriginal assimilation policy?

The assimilation policy was a policy of absorbing Aboriginal people into white society through the process of removing children from their families. The ultimate intent of this policy was the destruction of Aboriginal society.

What was the purpose of the Aboriginal Protection Board?

The Aborigines Protection Board was established to manage reserves and the welfare of the estimated 9000 Aboriginal people living in New South Wales in the 1880s. It was part of the Department of Police and was chaired by the Commissioner of Police.

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When was the Aboriginal Protection Board abolished?

The board was finally abolished by the Aborigines Act 1957.

When was the assimilation policy abolished?

Between 1910-1970, generations of Indigenous children were removed under these policies, and have become known as the Stolen Generations.

What caused the White Australia Policy?

Fear of military invasion by Japan, the threat to the standard of living that was thought to be presented by the cheap but efficient Asian labourers, and white racism were the principal factors behind the White Australia movement.

When was the self determination policy introduced in Australia?

Self-determination was prescribed by the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (1987-1991) as being necessary for Aboriginal people to overcome their previous and continuing institutionalised disadvantage and disempowerment.

What year did aboriginal get to vote?

The Commonwealth Electoral Act 1962 received assent on 21 May 1962. It granted all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people the option to enrol and vote in federal elections. Enrolment was not compulsory for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, unlike other Australians.

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