What were the colonies of Australia?

In 1901, the Australian colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia, together with the Northern Territory, federated into one country.

What were the names of the Australian colonies?

List of Australian penal colonies

Settlement Colony Year opened
Rose Hill New South Wales 1787?
Sydney Cove New South Wales 1788
Moreton Bay Queensland (New South Wales before 1859) 1824
Redcliffe Queensland 1823

What are the 6 colonies of Australia?

Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as federation.

What is an Australian colony?

British settlement of Australia began as a penal colony governed by a captain of the Royal Navy. Until the 1850s, when local forces began to be recruited, British regular troops garrisoned the colonies with little local assistance.

When were the colonies established in Australia?

A few days after arrival at Botany Bay the fleet moved to the more suitable Port Jackson where a settlement was established at Sydney Cove on 26 January 1788. This date later became Australia’s national day, Australia Day. The colony was formally proclaimed by Governor Phillip on 7 February 1788 at Sydney.

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What were the first colonies in Australia?

The First Fleet of British ships arrived at Botany Bay in January 1788 to establish a penal colony, the first colony on the Australian mainland. In the century that followed, the British established other colonies on the continent, and European explorers ventured into its interior.

What was Australia called in 1788?

After the Dutch era

Cook first named the land New Wales, but revised it to New South Wales. With the establishment of a settlement at Sydney in 1788, the British solidified its claim to the eastern part of Australia, now officially called New South Wales.

What’s the biggest state in Australia?

Western Australia (WA) is Australia’s largest state and is a place of true contrasts: from desert in the east to 13,000 kilometres (8,000 miles) of pristine coastline on the west. The state’s capital is Perth; the fourth most populous city in Australia and famed for its uncrowded beaches, parklands and fresh seafood.

Why is Australia split into states?

The states originated as separate British colonies prior to Federation in 1901. … Upon Federation, the six colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, and Tasmania became the founding states of the new Commonwealth of Australia.

Why were there so many colonies in Australia?

Well you can be pretty sure it was for one of two main reasons – either as a gaol for convicts, or because of the land, to graze sheep or cattle. Three of the states were started as gaols – New South Wales, where the First Fleet arrived; Queensland, which began when Moreton Bay was settled – now called Brisbane.

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How many Aboriginal were killed in Australia?

After European settlers arrived in 1788, thousand of aborigines died from diseases; colonists systematically killed many others. At first contact, there were over 250,000 aborigines in Australia. The massacres ended in the 1920 leaving no more than 60,000.

Why did the British kill the Aboriginal?

The most common motive for a massacre was reprisal for the killing of settler civilians but at least 51 massacres were in reprisal for the killing or theft of livestock or property.

Does Australia have colonies?

In 1901, the Australian colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia, together with the Northern Territory, federated into one country.

Why did British colonies develop in Australia?

By colonising Australia Britain gained an important base for its ships in the Pacific Ocean. It also gained an important resource in terms of being somewhere to send convicts. Until the American Revolution Britain could send convicts to the Thirteen Colonies.

Why is Australia ruled by British?

Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. … Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.

Why did the British choose to establish colonies in Australia?

One of the reasons why Britain decided to establish a colony in Australia in 1788 was the rebellion of its colonies in America – Britain needed somewhere else to send its prisoners. Australia’s experience as a colony of Britain was very different from that of the United States.

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