If the British colonies in Australia had never federated then the British colonies probably would have become separate countries like New Zealand. The Northern territory probably would have remained in the territory of South Australia as it once did.
Why was it important for Australia to federate?
Federation was a remarkable political achievement. Colonies had jostled to protect their interests. New South Wales had competed with Victoria for influence, and the smaller colonies had feared their interests would be ignored by the larger colonies. … Federation achieved an independence of sorts for Australia.
What were the effects of Federation in Australia?
The effect of Federation, as soon as a uniform tariff was established, would be to deprive the separate States of all power to impose Customs and Excise duties. They would also be relieved of the expense, and deprived of the Revenue, of the Post and Telegraph Department.
What changes happened in Australia following Federation in Australia?
Following federation, the six colonies that united to form the Commonwealth of Australia as states kept the systems of government (and the bicameral legislatures) that they had developed as separate colonies, but they also agreed to have a federal government that was responsible for matters concerning the whole nation.
Why did Western Australia say no to federation?
This was called Federation, and happened in 1901. Western Australia did not want to join, because the other colonies were thousands of kilometres away. They joined when the other colonies promised to build a railway to Perth.
What was Australia called before?
Change of name
After British colonisation, the name New Holland was retained for several decades and the south polar continent continued to be called Terra Australis, sometimes shortened to Australia.
Who ruled Australia before 1901?
British settlement of Australia began as a penal colony governed by a captain of the Royal Navy. Until the 1850s, when local forces began to be recruited, British regular troops garrisoned the colonies with little local assistance.
Why were there so many colonies in Australia?
Well you can be pretty sure it was for one of two main reasons – either as a gaol for convicts, or because of the land, to graze sheep or cattle. Three of the states were started as gaols – New South Wales, where the First Fleet arrived; Queensland, which began when Moreton Bay was settled – now called Brisbane.
When did Australia become a federation?
Australia’s 6 British colonies became one nation on 1 January 1901. The Constitution is one of the Commonwealth of Australia’s founding documents. After many years of debate and drafting, it was passed by the British Parliament, and given royal assent (approval by the Queen), in July 1900.
Where did the name Australia come from?
The name Australia (pronounced /əˈstreɪliə/ in Australian English) is derived from the Latin australis, meaning “southern”, and specifically from the hypothetical Terra Australis postulated in pre-modern geography.
What was Australia before 1901?
Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as federation.
Who started federation?
On July 25th, 1839, a young chartist migrated to New South Wales with his wife and two day old baby, his name was Henry Parkes. He was only 24 years old and landed in Sydney with 4 shillings in his pocket, but he was to become known as the “Father of Federation”. Henry found a miserable little house for his family.
How was Federation celebrated in Australia?
Many Australians celebrated their nationhood, participating in parades, processions, sporting events and school pageants. The first federal elections for the new Parliament were held on 29 and 30 March 1901. The first Parliament was held in Melbourne on 9 May 1901.
Can WA secede from Australia?
Secessionism has been a recurring feature of Western Australia’s political landscape since shortly after Federation in 1901. … The Constitution of Australia, however, describes the union as “one indissoluble Federal Commonwealth” and makes no provision for states to secede from the union.
When was the last time Australia had a referendum?
The Australian republic referendum held on 6 November 1999 was a two-question referendum to amend the Constitution of Australia.
1999 Australian republic referendum.
|Invalid or blank votes||101,189||0.86%|
When was Australia officially named?
On 12 December 1817, Governor Lachlan Macquarie recommended to the British Colonial Office that the “Australia” be adopted as the name of the continent still being referred to as New Holland. Finally, in 1824, the British Admiralty agreed that the continent should be officially called Australia.