On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.
When did white men come to Australia?
In 1788 the British First Fleet of 11 ships, carrying about 1500 people arrived at Botany Bay (Sydney). Arthur Phillip led them as the first Governor of New South Wales. About 160 000 convicts were brought to Australia from 1788 until 1868. Free immigrants began arriving in the 1790s.
What was Australia called in 1788?
After the Dutch era
Cook first named the land New Wales, but revised it to New South Wales. With the establishment of a settlement at Sydney in 1788, the British solidified its claim to the eastern part of Australia, now officially called New South Wales.
When did humans arrive in Australia?
The minimum widely accepted timeframe for the arrival of humans in Australia is placed at least 48,000 years ago. Many sites dating from this time period have been excavated. In Arnhem Land the Malakunanja II rock shelter has been dated to around 65,000 years old.
When did the British arrive in Australia?
Britain’s first contact with Australia came with Captain Cook’s voyage in the ship Endeavour. He landed in Australia in 1770 and claimed it as a British territory. The process of colonisation began in 1788.
Who inhabited Australia first?
Aboriginal Australians could be the oldest population of humans living outside of Africa, where one theory says they migrated from in boats 70,000 years ago. Australia’s first people—known as Aboriginal Australians—have lived on the continent for over 50,000 years.
What race are Australian?
Today, Australians of European (including Anglo-Celtic) descent are the majority in Australia, estimated at approximately 76% of the total population in 2016. Historically, European immigrants had great influence over Australian history and society, which resulted in the perception of Australia as a Western country.
Did Chinese discover Australia?
The Chinese discovery of Australia
Admiral Hong Bao’s fleet sailed to the southwest tip of Australia via the southern tip of South America and the Indian Ocean Islands of Heard and Kerguelen. Admiral Zhou Man sailed from the north coast of Peru, on the west coast of South America, to Fraser Island, north of Brisbane.
What does Australia mean in Aboriginal?
It was formed from the 16th century term, Aborigine, which means “original inhabitants”. It derives from the Latin words ‘ab’ (from) and ‘origine’ (origin, beginning). The word was used in Australia to describe the original people of the land as early as 1789.
How many native Australian were killed?
Reports vary with from 60 to 200 Aboriginal Australians killed, including women and children.
Who was the first white person in Australia?
While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.
How did humans get from Africa to Australia?
‘Out of Africa’ stated that the first humans to colonise Australia came from a recent migration of Homo sapiens through South-east Asia. These people belonged to a single genetic lineage and were the descendants of a population that originated in Africa.
Are Aboriginal Australians black?
The term “black” has been used to refer to Aboriginal Australians since European settlement.
Does Britain Own Australia?
Formally speaking, Australia is a constitutional monarchy, which means the Queen is the head of state. According to the royal family’s website, when the Queen visits Australia, she speaks and acts as Queen of Australia, and not as Queen of the United Kingdom.
Who named Australia?
It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804. The National Library holds a reproduction.
What diseases did the British bring to Australia?
The major epidemic diseases during the early contact stage were smallpox, syphilis, tuberculosis, influenza, and measles.