Australia and New Zealand were both colonised by Britain. New South Wales was the mother colony for New Zealand as well as for eastern Australia. Māori were involved from the start in shaping trans-Tasman relations.
How were Australia and NZ settled?
The early history of Australia and New Zealand is the history of aborigines. … The British conquered Australia and used it first as a penal colony and later as a civilian colony for themselves. In New Zealand, the Europeans made a treaty with the Maori that gave them effective rule and ownership of the land.
Who were the first settlers in Australia and New Zealand?
The first people to arrive in New Zealand were ancestors of the Māori. The first settlers probably arrived from Polynesia between 1200 and 1300 AD. They discovered New Zealand as they explored the Pacific, navigating by the ocean currents, winds and stars.
Which country settled Australia?
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.
Who discovered Australia and NZ?
Abel Tasman was a great explorer who discovered Australia and New Zealand long before James Cook. Discover what he did in his Australasian Adventures.
Can you see New Zealand from Australia?
There’s no point in Australia where you can see New Zealand. At their closest point – Australia and New Zealand are 1,700 km apart. … You also cannot see Tasmania from the East Coast of Australia because Tasmania is to the South of Australia – not the East.
What is the relationship between New Zealand and Australia?
The economic and trade relationship between Australia and New Zealand is shaped by the Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (CER or ANZCERTA), which came into effect on 1 January 1983. ANZCERTA is one of the world’s most open and successful free trade agreements.
Is New Zealand older than Australia?
The microcontinent Zealandia, of which present day New Zealand represents the largest unsubmerged part, probably separated from Antarctica between 130 and 85 million years ago and then from the separate continent of Australia 60–85 million years ago in the break-up of East Gondwana occurring in the Cretaceous and early …
Why is New Zealand separate from Australia?
Forty million years later India (with Madagascar) broke away and the Atlantic Ocean opened up, separating Africa from South America. Eighty million years ago, the landmass that was to become New Zealand, broke away from Gondwana, splitting away from Australia and Antarctica as the Tasman Sea opened up.
Did the Chinese discover New Zealand First?
An amateur English historian believes that Chinese discovered New Zealand well before Maori or Dutchmen.
Who first found Australia?
While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.
Is Australia still a British colony?
Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. … Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.
What was Australia called before?
Change of name
After British colonisation, the name New Holland was retained for several decades and the south polar continent continued to be called Terra Australis, sometimes shortened to Australia.
Who came to New Zealand First?
Abel Tasman was the first of the European explorers known to have reached New Zealand, in December 1642.
Was New Zealand ever a part of Australia?
On 1 July 1841 the islands of New Zealand were separated from the Colony of New South Wales and made a colony in their own right. This ended more than 50 years of confusion over the relationship between the islands and the Australian colony.
Who named Australia?
It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804.