After World War II the Netherlands government actively encouraged emigration to relieve housing shortages and economic distress. Hundreds of thousands of Dutch emigrated; almost a third chose to settle in Australia. The growth of the Dutch community in Victoria in the post-war period was dramatic.
When did the Dutch come to Australia?
While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.
Why did the Dutch not settle in Australia?
The reason the Dutch didn’t make a claim to Australia was because the part they saw – the western and north-western coast – was mostly uninhabitable. The north-west portion of the continent is mostly arid land or desert. There was no benefit to be seen in this land.
Why did the Dutch migrate?
During the early nineteenth century, large numbers of Dutch farmers, forced by high taxes and low wages, started immigrating to America. They mainly settled down in the Midwest, especially Michigan, Illinois and Iowa. In the 1840s, Calvinist immigrants desiring more religious freedom immigrated.
Was Australia a Dutch colony?
New Holland (Dutch: Nieuw Holland) is a historical European name for mainland Australia. … The British settlement of Sydney as a colony in 1788 prompted Britain to formally claim the east coast as New South Wales, leading to a search for a new collective name.
Did China discover Australia first?
There is no tangible evidence that Chinese explorers (or traders or any other Chinese for that matter) did land in Australia before the European exploration of the continent began.
Who named Australia?
It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804.
What is the nickname for Australia?
Australia is colloquially known as “the Land Down Under” (or just “Down Under”), which derives from the country’s position in the Southern Hemisphere, at the antipodes of the United Kingdom.
What was Australia called before 1901?
Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as federation.
Where did the Dutch land in Australia?
The first ship and crew to chart the Australian coast and meet with Aboriginal people was the Duyfken captained by Dutch navigator, Willem Janszoon. He sighted the coast of Cape York Peninsula in early 1606, and made landfall on 26 February at the Pennefather River near the modern town of Weipa on Cape York.
Why did the Dutch go to America?
Many of the Dutch immigrated to America to escape religious persecution. They were known for trading, particularly fur, which they obtained from the Native Americans in exchange for weapons.
What did the Dutch call America?
Upon his return to Amsterdam in 1614, Block compiled a map, and applied the name ‘New Netherland’ for the first time to the area between English Virginia and French Canada, where he was later granted exclusive trading rights by the Dutch government.
Did the Dutch colonize America?
Sponsored by the West India Company, 30 families arrived in North America in 1624, establishing a settlement on present-day Manhattan. Much like English colonists in Virginia, however, the Dutch settlers did not take much of an interest in agriculture, and focused on the more lucrative fur trade.
Is Australia still a British colony?
Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. … Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.
How many native Australian were killed?
Reports vary with from 60 to 200 Aboriginal Australians killed, including women and children.