Cook named the land he encountered New South Wales in an effort to counter any Dutch interest in what they had long called New Holland. The name Australia was popularised by Matthew Flinders following his circumnavigation of the continent in 1803.
When did Captain Cook claim Australia?
The crew first sighted the mainland of Australia on 19 April 1770. James Cook and some of his crew landed at Kamay Botany Bay on 29 April 1770.
What did Captain Cook do when he got to Australia?
The first voyage
The final secret goal was to continue the search for the Great South Land. Cook reached the southern coast of New South Wales in 1770 and sailed north, charting Australia’s eastern coastline and claiming the land for Great Britain on 22nd August 1770.
Why did Britain claim Australia?
The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.
Who named Australia?
It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804. The National Library holds a reproduction.
Why is Captain Cook important to Australia?
When he explored the Australian coast he was still Lieutenant Cook. Cook and the crew of Endeavour were the first known Europeans to sight and chart the east coast in 1770. They entered Botany Bay where they collected specimens and made contact with Indigenous peoples.
Why did Cook go to Australia?
Captain Cook Timeline – First Voyage 1768 – 1771. In 1768 Cook was chosen to lead an expedition to the South Seas to observe the Transit of Venus and to secretly search for the unknown Great Southern Continent (terra australis incognita).
What was Australia first called?
Australia, once known as New South Wales, was originally planned as a penal colony. In October 1786, the British government appointed Arthur Phillip captain of the HMS Sirius, and commissioned him to establish an agricultural work camp there for British convicts.
Is Australia still a British colony?
Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. … Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.
What good things did Britain do for Australia?
By colonising Australia Britain gained an important base for its ships in the Pacific Ocean. It also gained an important resource in terms of being somewhere to send convicts. Until the American Revolution Britain could send convicts to the Thirteen Colonies.
Why did the British kill the Aboriginal?
The most common motive for a massacre was reprisal for the killing of settler civilians but at least 51 massacres were in reprisal for the killing or theft of livestock or property.
What is the nickname for Australia?
Australia is colloquially known as “the Land Down Under” (or just “Down Under”), which derives from the country’s position in the Southern Hemisphere, at the antipodes of the United Kingdom.
What did the aboriginals call Australia?
There is no one Aboriginal word that all Aborigines use for Australia; however, today they call Australia, ”Australia” because that is what it is…
What Australia is famous for?
Australia is globally famous for its natural wonders, wide-open spaces, beaches, deserts, “The Bush”, and “The Outback”. Australia is one of the world’s most highly urbanised countries; it’s well known for its attractive mega cities such as Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, and Perth.