The first such attempt was the National Colonial Flag created in 1823–1824 by Captains John Nicholson and John Bingle. This flag consisted of a red cross on a white background, with an eight-point star on each of the four limbs of the cross, while incorporating a Union Flag in the canton.
When did the Australian flag change from red to blue?
Despite executive branch proclamations as to the respective roles of the two red, white and blue ensigns there remained confusion until the Flags Act 1953 declared the blue ensign to be the Australia national flag and the Australian red ensign to be the flag of the mercantile marine.
Was Australia’s flag ever red?
History of the Australian Red Ensign
When the Commonwealth Government announced a competition to design a flag for Australia in 1901, entrants were asked to send a design for two flags – one for official and naval purposes and the other for merchant ships. This resulted in a Blue Ensign and a Red Ensign.
What was the Australian flag before 1954?
What is now the Australian national flag was created soon after Federation in a competition in which nearly 33,000 people took part. However, for the next 50 years Australia’s official flag was the British flag, the Union Jack. This changed in 1954 when the Flags Act came into effect.
Why is the background of the Australian flag blue?
Symbolism. The flag has three elements on a blue background: the Union Jack, the Commonwealth Star and the Southern Cross. … Below the Union Jack is a white Commonwealth, or Federation, star. It has seven points representing the unity of the six states and the territories of the Commonwealth of Australia.
What are the 3 official flags of Australia?
Australia has three official flags: the Australian National Flag, the Australian Aboriginal Flag and the Torres Strait Islander Flag. Each state of territory also has its own flag.
Why is the Australian flag similar to the New Zealand flag?
Why do New Zealand and Australia use a similar pattern of stars on their flags? Both Australia and New Zealand chose the Southern Cross constellation for their flags. … The colours of the stars on both flags were chosen to complement the colours of the Union Jack shown in the top left-hand corner of both flags.
How do Australians say Merry Christmas?
Quora User, Australian. Saying “Merry Christmas” should do the trick. Or are you asking something else? You simply say “Merry Christmas”.
Why is Australian flag red?
The red in the lower half stands for the earth and the colour of ochre, which has ceremonial significance. The circle of yellow in the centre of the flag represents the sun. The Australian Aboriginal Flag is displayed at Aboriginal centres and is well recognised as the flag of Aboriginal peoples of Australia.
What does a black Australian flag mean?
The symbolic meaning of the flag colours (as stated by Harold Thomas) is: Black – represents the Aboriginal people of Australia. Yellow circle – represents the Sun, the giver of life and protector. Red – represents the red earth, the red ochre used in ceremonies and Aboriginal peoples’ spiritual relation to the land.
Why does Australian flag have 6 stars?
The Stars. The Commonwealth Star is the emblem of Australian Federation. Six points represent the states and the seventh all the federal territories which together constitute the nation, the Commonwealth of Australia. The constellation of the Southern Cross indicates our geographical location in the southern hemisphere …
How many times has the Australian flag been changed?
1908 – 19 December
A 7th point is added to the Commonwealth Star to represent all Australia’s federal territories collectively. (Commonwealth Government Gazette No 65). There has been no alternation to our flag since this amendment.
What was Australia’s old flag?
At a meeting in Melbourne a large flag was unfurled – it was a British blue ensign upon which were four golden stars forming the Southern Cross. This is the first known flag using the Southern Cross in a natural arrangement and it is considered to be a significant antecedent to the current Australian National Flag.
What is the meaning of the Australian flag colors?
The colors on the Australian flag represent the following: Blue – vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice. White – peace and honesty. Red – hardiness, bravery, strength & valour.
Who made the first Australian flag?
Ivor Evans, a 14-year-old Melbourne schoolboy whose father owned a flag-making business.
Which flag did Australia fight under in ww1?
Most Australians fought under the Union Jack in World War I. Most Australians fought under either the Australian Red Ensign or the Union Jack in World War II.