In 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip and 1,500 convicts, crew, marines and civilians arrived at Sydney Cove. In the 10 years that followed, it’s estimated that the Indigenous population of Australia was reduced by 90%. Three main reasons for this dramatic population decline were: The introduction of new diseases.
How did the British affect the indigenous peoples of Australia?
British explorers unknowingly exposed Australia’s Indigenous people to many varieties of disease, such as smallpox, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, whooping cough and the common cold. In 1789, a year after the First Fleet arrived, a smallpox outbreak killed many of the Indigenous people that lived in the Sydney area.
How did Colonisation affect the aboriginal peoples?
Colonisation has resulted in inequity, racism and the disruption of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures. In fact, it has been the most detrimental of the determinants of health that continues to significantly influence Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health outcomes today.
What happened to the aboriginal population as Australia was colonized?
In the early 1900s it was commonly believed that the Aboriginal population of Australia was leading toward extinction. The population shrank from those present when colonisation began in New South Wales in 1788, to 50,000 in 1930.
How did British settlement affect aboriginal society?
European settlement had a severe and devastating impact on Indigenous people. Their dispossession of the land, exposure to new diseases and involvement in violent conflict, resulted in the death of a vast number of the Aboriginal peoples.
Why did the British kill the Aboriginal?
The most common motive for a massacre was reprisal for the killing of settler civilians but at least 51 massacres were in reprisal for the killing or theft of livestock or property.
What disease killed the Aboriginal population?
Smallpox spread across the country with the advance of European settlement, bringing with it shocking death rates. The disease affected entire generations of the Indigenous population and survivors were in many cases left without family or community leaders.
How many Aboriginal were killed in Australia?
After European settlers arrived in 1788, thousand of aborigines died from diseases; colonists systematically killed many others. At first contact, there were over 250,000 aborigines in Australia. The massacres ended in the 1920 leaving no more than 60,000.
What did the British do to the Aboriginal?
The English settlers and their descendants expropriated native land and removed the indigenous people by cutting them from their food resources, and engaged in genocidal massacres.
Is Australia still a British colony?
Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. … Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.
Are there any full blooded aboriginal peoples left?
So, today, out of a population of hundreds of thousands at the time of white settlement, there are only 47,000 full-blooded Aborigines left in Australia.
What did the aboriginals call Australia?
There is no one Aboriginal word that all Aborigines use for Australia; however, today they call Australia, ”Australia” because that is what it is…
When did it become illegal to shoot an aboriginal?
So in my simple summary, from 1794 you could be tried for killing a native and from 1838 the punishment for killing a native could be death. It was never legal for white Australians to kill Aboriginal people, nor for Aboriginal people to kill each other or white people.
How were the British supposed to treat the First Nations?
Under the Proclamation, Britain attempted to redress the First Nations’ grievances by reducing the former boundaries of New France and creating a small province of Quebec straddling the St. Lawrence River. All the remaining territory was closed to European settlers by designating it as “Indian territory”.
What happened to the aboriginal land when the British settled in Australia?
From 1788, Australia was treated by the British as a colony of settlement, not of conquest. Aboriginal land was taken over by British colonists on the premise that the land belonged to no-one (‘terra nullius’). … Possession of Australia was declared on the basis of unilateral possession.
Was Australia invaded or settled?
It goes on to say that “Australia was not settled peacefully, it was invaded, occupied and colonised. Describing the arrival of the Europeans as a ‘settlement’ attempts to view Australian history from the shores of England rather than the shores of Australia.”