On 6 Februay 1832, the colony was renamed Western Australia.
What was Western Australia originally called?
Albany was the first European settlement established in Western Australia. It was settled three years before the Swan River Colony — now known as Western Australia — was claimed in 1829. The Swan River Settlement was later named ‘Perth’ and became Western Australia’s capital city.
What was Australia before federation?
Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as federation.
What was Perth named after?
Captain James Stirling founded Perth in 1829 as the administrative centre of the Swan River Colony. It was named after the town of Perth, Scotland, due to the influence of Stirling’s patron Sir George Murray, who had connections with the area.
What were the colonies before federation?
Its borders originally included the areas that are now Tasmania, South Australia, Victoria and Queensland. These became separate colonies between the 1820s and 1850s; Western Australia was established in this period as well. Australia remained as six separate colonies until Federation in 1901.
What is the oldest suburb in Perth?
Situated to the west of the city centre, Claremont is one of Perth’s oldest suburbs and with a superb location on the river, conveniently between the city and the coast, and directly on a railway line, it’s also one of the most expensive!
What is the oldest town in Western Australia?
As the oldest settlement in Western Australia Albany has a rich Aboriginal and European history.
What caused the 1890s depression in Australia?
The 1890s depression in Australia occurred after the land boom bubble of the 1880s burst. Overseas investment dried up, banks failed and unemployment soared. Relief societies were formed in many parts of the country to distribute aid to poverty-stricken families – generally of meat, bread and tea.
Where did the name Australia come from?
The name Australia (pronounced /əˈstreɪliə/ in Australian English) is derived from the Latin australis, meaning “southern”, and specifically from the hypothetical Terra Australis postulated in pre-modern geography.
Who ruled Australia before 1901?
British settlement of Australia began as a penal colony governed by a captain of the Royal Navy. Until the 1850s, when local forces began to be recruited, British regular troops garrisoned the colonies with little local assistance.
What is the most remote city on earth?
Small Pacific islands aside – Perth, Western Australia, is the most isolated city on any continent, anywhere on Earth.
Why is Perth so isolated?
Yet, in Australia, most large cities can be found along the east and south coasts, away from the interior, the bush, which dominates the majority of the country. … “Perth is so isolated that it is quicker, easier and cheaper to fly to Bali then to fly to the east coast.
Who found Perth?
Perth was founded by Captain James Stirling on Whadjuk country as the capital of the Swan River Colony in 1829.
How did free settlers change Australia?
The free settlers impacted Australia greatly. They impacted the indigenous Australians greatly by killing them off and taking their land. Free settlers cultivated the land, built infrastructure – cities, roads, businesses. Laws and law enforcement, parliaments and courts, defense force etc..
Why were the colonies founded in Australia?
Well you can be pretty sure it was for one of two main reasons – either as a gaol for convicts, or because of the land, to graze sheep or cattle. Three of the states were started as gaols – New South Wales, where the First Fleet arrived; Queensland, which began when Moreton Bay was settled – now called Brisbane.
How did federation start?
As the colonies were under British rule, Federation would only come about if the British Parliament passed the necessary legislation. … Queen Victoria gave the legislation royal assent four days later and declared that it would take effect on 1 January 1901.