The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.
Why did the British come to Australia in 1788?
The First Fleet of British ships arrived at Botany Bay in January 1788 to establish a penal colony, the first colony on the Australian mainland. … Indigenous Australians were greatly weakened and their numbers diminished by introduced diseases and conflict with the colonists during this period.
What did the British bring to Australia?
A second fleet of ships with convicts arrived in 1790, bringing much needed food and supplies – and disease. … Whaling ships, mostly from Britain, had been visiting Sydney, and a robust trade developed. In New Holland the quality of goods and the production of food improved. In 1797, grapes were planted.
How many Aboriginal were killed in Australia?
After European settlers arrived in 1788, thousand of aborigines died from diseases; colonists systematically killed many others. At first contact, there were over 250,000 aborigines in Australia. The massacres ended in the 1920 leaving no more than 60,000.
Who found Australia first?
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.
Is Australia still a British colony?
Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. … Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.
What did Britain do with Australia?
By colonising Australia Britain gained an important base for its ships in the Pacific Ocean. It also gained an important resource in terms of being somewhere to send convicts. Until the American Revolution Britain could send convicts to the Thirteen Colonies.
Why did the British kill the Aboriginal?
The most common motive for a massacre was reprisal for the killing of settler civilians but at least 51 massacres were in reprisal for the killing or theft of livestock or property.
Are there any full blooded aboriginal peoples left?
So, today, out of a population of hundreds of thousands at the time of white settlement, there are only 47,000 full-blooded Aborigines left in Australia.
When did it become illegal to shoot an aboriginal?
So in my simple summary, from 1794 you could be tried for killing a native and from 1838 the punishment for killing a native could be death. It was never legal for white Australians to kill Aboriginal people, nor for Aboriginal people to kill each other or white people.
When was it legal to shoot an Aboriginal in Australia?
“In November 1828 the Governor introduced martial law against Aboriginal people in the settled districts, effectively giving the military the power to shoot on sight any Aborigine found there.”
What is the old name of Australia?
After British colonisation, the name New Holland was retained for several decades and the south polar continent continued to be called Terra Australis, sometimes shortened to Australia.
Did China discover Australia first?
There is no tangible evidence that Chinese explorers (or traders or any other Chinese for that matter) did land in Australia before the European exploration of the continent began.
Who Found Africa?
European exploration of Sub-Saharan Africa begins with the Age of Discovery in the 15th century, pioneered by the Kingdom of Portugal under Henry the Navigator.