Australia’s industrial plantations comprise both softwood species (predominantly radiata pine, Pinus radiata) and hardwood species (most commonly blue gum, Eucalyptus globulus). Their primary purpose is commercial wood production, and they produce most of the volume of logs harvested annually in Australia.
What is the most commonly used timber in Australian construction?
The most commonly used framing material is Australian structural plantation pine. Choosing pine timber framing will contribute to the appeal, practicality and environmental performance of your home, whilst keeping costs down. Lightweight framed construction is used for floors, walls and roofs.
Where is timber grown in Australia?
Hoop Pine 2 (Araucaria cunninghamii), also called Dorrigo Pine, Colonial Pine, or Arakaria is a rainforest timber, native to northern NSW, Queensland and the mountain regions of PNG. It is the only native tropical timber grown in substantial quantities in plantations within Australia.
What is the correct name for the Pine that is grown in Australia?
Because of the large areas planted with this species in Australia and NZ, radiata pine is considered to be the major general purpose timber in Australia.
What woods are native to Australia?
Australian Hardwood Timber Species
- Australian Beech. A beautiful combination of highland timbers. …
- Blackbutt. A commonly grown hardwood that has attractive colouring from cream to pale brown and an occasional tinge of subtle pink. …
- Brushbox. …
- Flooded (Rose) Gum. …
- Forest Reds. …
- Ironbark. …
- Red Mahogany. …
- River Reds.
What is the hardest wood in Australia?
Buloke, an Australian timber often cited as the world’s hardest, actually ranks 21st at 16,732 Newtons.
What is the most expensive wood in the world?
Most Expensive Woods in the World
- Lignum Vitae is native to the Caribbean and north of South America. …
- Topping the list of most expensive woods in the world is Bocote, a flowering plant from the borage family that is mostly found in Mexico, Central and South America.
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Where is Jarrah grown in Australia?
Jarrah trees grow on the iron and aluminium rich plains of south-western corner of Western Australia, from the ranges east of Perth down to Albany. They are slow growing, their roots often reaching to great depths in search of nutrients and water.
What is timber used for in Australia?
Hardwood timber is used for flooring, decks and pergolas (‘dry appearance timber’), for structural purposes such as power poles, wharves and bridges (‘green structural timber’) and for lower value applications such as landscaping sleepers, fencing and pallets (‘green other’).
What tree is timber from?
Timber from hardwoods tends to be more dense than softwoods, though there are exceptions. Softwoods come from coniferous trees such as pine, fir, spruce and larch. These trees take around 40 years to grow before they are ready to harvest. Hardwoods come from broadleaved trees such as oak, ash and beech.
Is the Wollemi pine native to Australia?
The Wollemi Pine is named after the Wollemi National Park, the location where the Pines were first discovered in Sydney’s now World Heritage-listed Blue Mountains. … The Wollemi Pine was discovered as a small grove of seedlings and mature trees only 200 kilometres west of Sydney (Australia) in the Wollemi National Park.
What is the oldest plant in Australia?
If we define a “tree” as a single stemmed woody plant at least two metres tall, which is what most people would identify as a tree, then the oldest in Australia could be a Huon pine (Lagarostrobos franklinii) in Tasmania, the oldest stem of which is up to 2,000 years old.
Can I buy a Wollemi Pine?
Gardeners can now add a touch of Jurassic Park to their backyard for as little as $60 – by buying a Wollemi Pine. The Wollemi Pine, one of the world’s oldest and rarest plants, is on sale to anyone with the cash, the space and the urge to plant it.
What is the hardest timber in Australia and where in Australia does it grow?
Allocasuarina luehmannii (buloke or bull-oak) is a species of ironwood tree native to Australia and its wood is the hardest commercially available.
What is the tallest living tree on earth?
The tallest tree currently living is a specimen of Sequoia sempervirens in Redwood National Park in California, USA. Nicknamed Hyperion, the coast redwood was discovered by Chris Atkins and Michael Taylor (both USA) on 25 August 2006 and its precise location is kept a closely guarded secret to try and protect it.
What Colour is timber?
It’s well-known for its particularly light colour – the sapwood (outer layers of the wood) is a usually creamy-white to yellow colour, and the heartwood is normally a reddish-brown colour. When NORclad Brunnea treatment is applied, the timber holds its colour for longer than other common wood species.