Colonial period. The Colony of New South Wales was created as a penal colony by the Kingdom of Great Britain in Australia east of 135° east. Word of the establishment was proclaimed in Australia by Governor Arthur Phillip on 7 February 1788.
Why was Australia colonized?
The new colony was intended to alleviate overcrowding in British prisons, expand the British Empire, assert Britain’s claim to the territory against other colonial powers, and establish a British base in the global South.
When and why was Australia colonized?
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.
Why was Australia divided into states?
Because each State began as a separate British Colony. In 1901 the six Colonies formed a Federation of six States – the Commonwealth of Australia. … In 1836 South Australia took a ‘bite’ from New South Wales. The establishment of Queensland in 1859 divided the remainder of New South Wales into two.
Why did Britain Colonise Australia?
The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.
Who first found Australia?
While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.
How many Aboriginal were killed in Australia?
After European settlers arrived in 1788, thousand of aborigines died from diseases; colonists systematically killed many others. At first contact, there were over 250,000 aborigines in Australia. The massacres ended in the 1920 leaving no more than 60,000.
Is Australia still a British colony?
Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. … Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.
Why did the British kill the Aboriginal?
The most common motive for a massacre was reprisal for the killing of settler civilians but at least 51 massacres were in reprisal for the killing or theft of livestock or property.
What was Australia called in 1788?
After the Dutch era
Cook first named the land New Wales, but revised it to New South Wales. With the establishment of a settlement at Sydney in 1788, the British solidified its claim to the eastern part of Australia, now officially called New South Wales.
Why is NT not a state?
The territory doesn’t generate enough tax revenue to support itself. It can’t survive without funding from all the other states. At the time of federation in 1901 (when the colonies of Australia joined into one country) the area today known as The Northern Territory was part of the state of South Australia.
What are the 7 states of Australia?
Australia consists of six states (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia), three internal territories (the Australian Capital Territory, the Jervis Bay Territory, and the Northern Territory), and seven external territories (Ashmore and Cartier Islands, the Australian …
What was Australia called before 1901?
Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as federation.
Why didn’t the French Colonise Australia?
French settlement in Australia was not to be, however, as the Napoleonic Wars prevented them from gaining a foothold, and after the country had recovered enough to start colonising once again, the entirety of Australia had been claimed by the British.
Does Australia belong to England?
Australia has never been part of the United Kingdom. It was part of the British Empire, but became basically independent in 1931 (the final constitutional ties were cut in 1986). It is part of the Commonwealth, but that’s a voluntary club.
When did Australia stop being a British colony?
British settlement of Australia began as a penal colony governed by a captain of the Royal Navy. Until the 1850s, when local forces began to be recruited, British regular troops garrisoned the colonies with little local assistance.