After Dutch navigators charted the northern, western and southern coasts of Australia during the 17th Century this newly found continent became known as ‘New Holland’. It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today.
What did the Dutch call Australia?
New Holland (Dutch: Nieuw Holland) is a historical European name for mainland Australia. The name was first applied to Australia in 1644 by the Dutch seafarer Abel Tasman.
What was Australia called before it was called Australia?
Australia, once known as New South Wales, was originally planned as a penal colony. In October 1786, the British government appointed Arthur Phillip captain of the HMS Sirius, and commissioned him to establish an agricultural work camp there for British convicts.
Did the Dutch discover Australia first?
While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.
What are the origins of the name Australia?
The name Australia (pronounced /əˈstreɪliə/ in Australian English) is derived from the Latin australis, meaning “southern”, and specifically from the hypothetical Terra Australis postulated in pre-modern geography.
Why did the Dutch not claim Australia?
The reason the Dutch didn’t make a claim to Australia was because the part they saw – the western and north-western coast – was mostly uninhabitable. The north-west portion of the continent is mostly arid land or desert. There was no benefit to be seen in this land.
Why did the Dutch come to Australia?
After World War II the Netherlands government actively encouraged emigration to relieve housing shortages and economic distress. Hundreds of thousands of Dutch emigrated; almost a third chose to settle in Australia. The growth of the Dutch community in Victoria in the post-war period was dramatic.
How did Australians get their accent?
The Australian-born children in the new colony were exposed to a wide range of dialects from around the British Isles, in particular from Ireland and South East England. The Australian-born children in the colony created the new dialect from the speech they heard around them, and with it expressed peer solidarity.
Is Australia older than America?
Compared to most of the world, Australia is older. Most European, Asian and African countries were formed after Australia. India was founded in 1947, South Korea in 1948 and China in 1949. … For example, the United States of America began its journey as country in 1776.
Did Chinese discover Australia?
The Chinese discovery of Australia
Admiral Hong Bao’s fleet sailed to the southwest tip of Australia via the southern tip of South America and the Indian Ocean Islands of Heard and Kerguelen. Admiral Zhou Man sailed from the north coast of Peru, on the west coast of South America, to Fraser Island, north of Brisbane.
Who really discovered Australia first?
The first known landing in Australia by Europeans was in 1606 by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon. Later that year, Spanish explorer Luís Vaz de Torres sailed through, and navigated, what is now called Torres Strait and associated islands.
Is Australia still a British colony?
Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. … Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.
Did the Dutch kill Aboriginal?
The Dutch shot many Aboriginal people along the river and in the bush land. Also, the warriors speared and killed some Dutchmen and made the Dutch go back to their ship. … The Part Borne by the Dutch in the Discovery of Australia, London: Luzac and Co., pp.
What is the nickname for an Australian?
Aussie is Australian slang for Australian, both the adjective and the noun, and less commonly, Australia. Aussie can be used in the form of an adjective, noun, or proper noun.
What does Australia mean in Aboriginal?
It was formed from the 16th century term, Aborigine, which means “original inhabitants”. It derives from the Latin words ‘ab’ (from) and ‘origine’ (origin, beginning). The word was used in Australia to describe the original people of the land as early as 1789.
What Australia is famous for?
Australia is globally famous for its natural wonders, wide-open spaces, beaches, deserts, “The Bush”, and “The Outback”. Australia is one of the world’s most highly urbanised countries; it’s well known for its attractive mega cities such as Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, and Perth.