While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.
Who were the first to arrive in Australia?
The first known landing in Australia by Europeans was in 1606 by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon. Later that year, Spanish explorer Luís Vaz de Torres sailed through, and navigated, what is now called Torres Strait and associated islands.
Who lived in Australia before the British arrived?
Aboriginal peoples lived in Australia for thousands of years before Europeans arrived. They suffered greatly as a result of the arrival of the British in Australia. When Captain Cook visited in the late 1700s it is estimated that there were about 750,000 Aborigines. By the 1920s this number had fallen by around 90%.
When did Captain Cook first arrive in Australia?
The crew first sighted the mainland of Australia on 19 April 1770. James Cook and some of his crew landed at Kamay Botany Bay on 29 April 1770.
Who named Australia?
It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804. The National Library holds a reproduction.
Is Australia still a British colony?
Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. … Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.
How many Aboriginal were killed in Australia?
After European settlers arrived in 1788, thousand of aborigines died from diseases; colonists systematically killed many others. At first contact, there were over 250,000 aborigines in Australia. The massacres ended in the 1920 leaving no more than 60,000.
Why did the British kill the Aboriginal?
The most common motive for a massacre was reprisal for the killing of settler civilians but at least 51 massacres were in reprisal for the killing or theft of livestock or property.
Where did Aborigines come from?
Humans are thought to have migrated to Northern Australia from Asia using primitive boats. A current theory holds that those early migrants themselves came out of Africa about 70,000 years ago, which would make Aboriginal Australians the oldest population of humans living outside Africa.
What happened on 26 January Australia?
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia. … Australia, once known as New South Wales, was originally planned as a penal colony.
When did cook claim Australia?
Lieutenant James Cook, captain of HMB Endeavour, claimed the eastern portion of the Australian continent for the British Crown in 1770, naming it New South Wales.
Did Cook circumnavigate Australia?
Captain Cook never circumnavigated Australia, but in 1802 this Indigenous Australian did. This year a replica of Captain Cook’s ship, the Endeavour, will circumnavigate Australia to mark the 250th anniversary of Cook’s arrival. Meanwhile, the first Australian to circumnavigate the country is left behind.
Why do Aussies say ta?
For those that don’t know, more often then not an Australian instead of saying “Thank you” or even “Thanks” will simply say “Ta”. … He didn’t know for sure, but he told he thinks it started as a way for Australians to say an abbreviated form of “Thanks Alot”.
What is the nickname for Australia?
Australia is colloquially known as “the Land Down Under” (or just “Down Under”), which derives from the country’s position in the Southern Hemisphere, at the antipodes of the United Kingdom.
How did Australians get their accent?
The Australian-born children in the new colony were exposed to a wide range of dialects from around the British Isles, in particular from Ireland and South East England. The Australian-born children in the colony created the new dialect from the speech they heard around them, and with it expressed peer solidarity.