Fear of military invasion by Japan, the threat to the standard of living that was thought to be presented by the cheap but efficient Asian labourers, and white racism were the principal factors behind the White Australia movement.
What was the purpose of the White Australia policy quizlet?
Enforced to all people who were non-white and wanted to get into Australia. They had to take a test where they were presented with any ‘European Language’ and had to translate 50 words.
When did white Australia policy begin?
The Immigration Restriction Bill, which enacted the white Australia policy, was initiated in the House of Representatives by Prime Minister Edmund Barton on 5 June 1901, nine sitting days after the Duke of York had opened the Australian Parliament on 9 May 1901.
What was the White Australia policy and when was it abolished?
The March 1966 announcement was the watershed in abolishing the ‘White Australia’ policy, and non-European migration began to increase.
How was the White Australia policy enforced?
The Australian Government actively enforced the White Australia policy. British migration was favoured and encouraged, and a dictation test — in any language a potential migrant was unable to speak — was administered as a way of stopping migrants from outside the United Kingdom from entering Australia.
What economic activity is most important for Australia’s economy?
The services sector occupies a dominant position in the Australian economy, contributing to 66.1% to the GDP and employing 77.7% of the workforce (World Bank, 2020). The biggest growth in this sector has been the rise of business and financial services (holding the world’s sixth largest pool of managed fund assets).
What was the main purpose of the native title bill which became law in Australia in 1993?
The Native Title Act 1993 (NTA) is a law passed by the Australian Parliament, the purpose of which is “to provide a national system for the recognition and protection of native title and for its co-existence with the national land management system”.
Is Australia a white country?
The country’s colonization from Europeans is a significant reason for the majority of its population being Caucasian. Additionally, being that Australia is one of the most developed countries closest to Eastern Asia; its Asian population comes as no surprise.
What is the immigration law in Australia?
Migration law regulates who has a right to enter and remain in Australia. It is Commonwealth law, so the law is therefore the same across Australia.
When did segregation end in Australia?
Holt also called the 1967 Referendum which removed the discriminatory clause in the Australian Constitution which excluded Aboriginal Australians from being counted in the census;– the referendum was one of the few to be overwhelmingly endorsed by the Australian electorate (over 90% voted ‘yes’).
Why was the dictation test abolished?
Because of opposition from the British government, a more explicit racial policy was avoided in the legislation, with the control mechanism for people deemed undesirable being a dictation test, which required a person seeking entry to Australia to write out a passage of fifty words dictated to them in any European …